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All About Cyclone Amphan

Super Cyclone Amphan was a powerful and deadly tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage in Eastern India and Bangladesh in May 2020. It was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Ganges Delta since Sidr of the 2007 season and the first super cyclonic storm to occur in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 Odisha cyclone.

  • Cyclone Amphan made landfall in West Bengal, India, near the Bangladeshi border.
  • Cyclone Amphan became the strongest storm ever recorded in the Bay of Bengal.
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Super Cyclone Amphan hits the coast of India and Bangladesh

  • The Bay of Bengal’s fiercest storm this century, super-cyclone Amphan slammed into the coast of eastern India on Wednesday afternoon.
  • This bringing heavy gales and the threat of deadly storm surges and flooding.
  • The super-cyclone made landfall at 4 pm local time with winds of about 120mph (190km/h), causing storm surges of up to 5 metres (17ft), before moving northwards towards Kolkata.
  • More than 2 million people were evacuated from their homes in Bangladesh, and a further half a million people in West Bengal and Odisha were moved from vulnerable low-lying areas to shelters.
  • Evacuation efforts had been hampered by the need to follow strict physical distancing precautions to prevent the spread of coronavirus.
  • With infection numbers still soaring in both countries.
  • Many people had also refused to leave their homes and be moved to shelters for fear of contracting the virus.
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Its Impacts

  • Due to the cyclone, electricity was shut to avoid any further disaster. Next morning, the roads wear a disastrous look as trees and branches remain scattered on the ground.
  • The cyclone has also burned the pockets of the people of Bengal as it damaged several properties.
  • While the country is in a volatile state due to the coronavirus, Cyclone Amphan has added additional worry for the people in Bengal and other affected places.
  • The state government estimated that the storm caused at least ₹1 trillion (US$13.2 billion) in damage and directly affected 70% of the state’s population.
  • The greatest inundations were expected in the Sundarbans, where flooding could extend 15 km (9.3 mi) inland.
  • Embankments in the region were overtaken by the surge, leading to inundation of the islands in the Sundarbans.
  • Bridges linking islands to the Indian mainland were swept away.
  • The cyclone produced sustained winds of 112 km/h (70 mph) and gusts to 190 km/h (120 mph) in West Bengal,
  • Damaging homes and uprooting trees and electric poles.
  • A million homes were damaged and breached embankments led to the flooding of villages and swaths of cropland.
  •  Across West Bengal, 88,000 hectares (217,000 acres) of rice paddies and 200,000 hectares (500,000 acres) of vegetable and sesame crops were damaged.
  • Neighboring Odisha saw significant effects.
  • Across the ten affected districts in Odisha, 4.4 million people were impacted in some way by the cyclone.
  • At least 500 homes were destroyed and a further 15,000 were damaged. Nearly 4,000 livestock, primarily poultry, died

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