Swachh Bharat Mission, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, or Clean India Mission is a country-wide campaign initiated by the Government of India on 2nd October in 2014 to eliminate open defecation and improve solid waste management. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India’s largest cleanliness drive to date with three million government employees and students from all parts of India participating in 4,043 cities, towns, and rural communities. Phase 1 of the mission lasted till October 2019. Phase 2 will be implemented between 2020–21 and 2024-25. एक कदम स्वच्छता की ओर (One step towards cleanliness) is the motto of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
- Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to cost over Rs.620 billion.
- Government provides an incentive of Rs.12,000 for each toilet constructed by a below-poverty-line (BPL) family.
- 90 billion were allocated for the Swacch Bharat Mission in the 2016 in Union Budget. The World Bank granted a loan of US$11.5 billion and $25 million in technical assistance in 2016 for the Swachh Bharat Mission to support India’s Sanitation initiative.
Objectives: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
The objectives of the first phase of the mission also included eradication of manual scavenging, generating awareness and bringing about a behavior change regarding sanitation practices, and augmentation of capacity at the local level. The second phase of the mission aims to sustain the open defecation free status and improve the management of solid and liquid waste.
Benefits: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
- Cleanliness and national development go hand in hand. Cleanliness is the hallmark of national development. The more a nation is developed, the more it is clean.
- Clean countries earn billions of dollars from tourism only. All the educated and highly skilled people prefer immigrating to these countries, which further adds to the growth and development of these countries. As foreign tourists are very particular about hygiene and cleanliness. Tourism will boost India’s GDP which will help in creating employment for youth.
- Swachh Bharat Abhiyan will have positive impact on India’s Health care sector because any disease /illness has financial impact both in terms of expenditure and potential revenue earning.
- Cleanliness means enough beautification of surroundings through trees and plants which actually are oxygen and clean air generators. Thus cleanliness ensures enough health conducive environment.
- Gradually focus on cleanliness and hygiene will shift focus towards use of Clean Technology. It will involve use of bio-degradable fuel & products.
- India desperately needs FDI ( Foreign Direct Investment) so this campaign will allure more number of foreign companies to invest in India’s market. Singapore started similar cleanliness drive from 1977 to 1987 . Keep Singapore clean transformed it into a Developed Nation.
- Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Mobile App has been launched for use of the people and Government organizations to achieve the goals of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
- To manage solid waste, electricity is being produced from it.
- The garbage disposal plan, sewage treatment plan especially in big cities need to be well devised, otherwise it will be difficult to make the mission a success. Cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata have hills and mountains made of garbage which are waiting for concrete disposal plan. These mountains have also become a disastrous threat for the area as they emit poisonous gases and are highly inflammable.
Conclusion : Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has achieved a great success in spreading awareness across the country to get rid of many wrong and unhealthy practices. As a result a good progress has been observed through the Swachh Bharat mission. The success of the mission depends upon the collective efforts and not merely on criticizing the campaign by many of those who believe in speaking instead of doing positive.
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