Uniform Civil Code
Friends “The concept of a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India has been a subject of intense debate and discussion for several decades in India”. The idea behind a Uniform Civil Code is to have a common set of laws governing personal matters such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, and adoption for all citizens, irrespective of their religious affiliations. India, being a diverse country with multiple religions and religious laws, currently has different personal laws for different religious communities.
A uniform civil code will mean a set of common personal laws for all citizens. Currently, for example, there are different personal laws for Hindus and Muslims. Personal law covers property, marriage and divorce, inheritance and succession.
Uniform Civil Code :The uniform civil code became a flashpoint in Indian politics in 1985 during the Shah Bano case. The Supreme Court had held that Bano, a Muslim woman, should get alimony from her ex-spouse. In the context of that judgment the court had said an uniform. Personal laws were first framed during the British Raj, mainly for Hindu and Muslim citizens. The British feared opposition from community leaders and refrained from further interfering within this domestic .
The demand for a uniform civil code was first put forward by women activists in the beginning of the twentieth century, with the objective of women’s rights, equality and secularism. Till Independence in 1947, a few law reforms were passed to improve the condition of women, especially Hindu widows. In 1956, the Indian Parliament passed Hindu Code Bill amidst significant opposition. Though a demand for a uniform civil code was made by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, his supporters and women activists, they had to finally accept the compromise of it being added to the Directive Principles because of heavy opposition.
Indian constitution on uniform civil code:
The constitution has a provision for Uniform Civil Code in Article 44 as a Directive Principle of State Policy which states that The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.
The Constitution explicitly states that the state can only “endeavour” to achieve a common code among its citizens, rather than enforce it. The implementation of the UCC also violates the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Constitution, including Article 25 (freedom to profess and practice one’s religion) and Article 29 (right to have a distinct culture). It also contradicts the provisions granted to states like Nagaland and Mizoram.
There are a number of cases where the Supreme Court has referred to Article 44 and the concept of uniform civil code, mainly to highlight the lackluster attitude of the executive and the legislature in the implementation of the directive.
Uniform Civil Code: Its Need
1. It Promotes Real Secularism
What we have right now in India is selective secularism which means that in some areas we are secular and in others we aren’t. A UCC means that all citizens of India have to follow the same laws whether they are Hindus or Muslims or Christians or Sikhs. This sounds fair and secular to me. A UCC doesn’t mean it will limit the freedom of people to follow their religion, it just means that every person will be treated the same. That’s real secularism.
2. All Indians should be Treated Same
Right now we have personal laws based on particular religions, which means that while Muslims can marry multiple times in India, a Hindu or a Christian will be prosecuted for doing the same. This doesn’t seem like equality to me. All the laws related to marriage, inheritance, family, land etc. should be equal for all Indians. This is the only way to ensure that all Indians are treated same.
3. It will provide More Rights to the Women
A UCC will also help in improving the condition of women in India. Our society is extremely patriarchal and misogynistic and by allowing old religious rules to continue to govern the family life we are condemning all Indian women to subjugation and mistreatment. A uniform civil code will help in changing these age old traditions that have no place in today’s society where we do understand that women should be treated fairly and given equal rights.
4. Every Modern Nation has it
A uniform civil code is the sign of modern progressive nation. It is a sign that the nation has moved away from caste and religious politics. In fact it might be right to say that socially and culturally we have degraded to a point where we are neither modern nor traditional. A uniform civil code will help the society move forward and take India towards its goal of becoming a developed nation.
International scenario on uniform civil code:
Israel, Japan, France and Russia are strong today because of their sense of oneness which we have yet to develop and propagate. Virtually all countries have uniform civil code or for that matter uniform law- civil or criminal. The European nations and US have a secular law that applies equally and uniformly to all citizens irrespective of their religion. The Islamic countries have a uniform law based on shariah which applies to all individuals irrespective of their religion.
Airforce Phase 2GD Topics:
Currently we are providing you some of the most important expected topics for Group Discussion in Agniveer Airforce Phase 2nd 2023. This list of topics must be covered by all the students going for Airforce Phase 2nd exam. X and Y group are the basic divisions of the Air Force. X group stands for technical and Y for non- technical position. One of the crucial rounds of the three phase selection process is Group Discussion. Its aim is to judge the knowledge and communication skills candidates possess.
LIST of Topics for 2023 Airforce Phase 2 GD
- Offline Education vs Online Education/ E-learning Pro’s & Con’s
- India’s Achievement in 75 years of Independence
- Importance of Yoga/Exercise/Fit India movement
- Corona impact on Society/Education System in India
- Remixing of Old songs Vs New songs
- Impact of Social Media on Youth of India
- Role of Social Media Vs Print Media
- Old Age Homes in India
- Ban on Single use Plastics by Indian Govt.
- Women Empowerment / Role of Women in Indian Society
- Role of Women in Indian Armed Forces/ Permanent Commission
- New Education Policy and its impact
- Cryptocurrency its Pro’s & Con’s
- Raising age of marriage for Women from 18 to 21
- Srilanka’s Economic Crisis
- Farm Laws 2020 – Pro’s & Con’s
- Atmanirbar Bharat / Made in India Campaign
- Hindi Language Vs Vernacular Language
- Eve Teasing/ Sexual Harassments on workplace
- Instagram/Facebook/ Twitter impact on Indian Youth.
Airforce Phase 2 GD
During the GD the candidates are evaluated for the following traits:
- Knowledge base.
- Alertness and presence of mind.
- Listening Skills.
- Team Skills.
- Goal Orientation.
How should I prepare for the Group Discussion?
Your preparation for GD has to be broken down into two parts:
Subject knowledge: Your subject knowledge during the GD can’t be replaced by anything else. Read voraciously on all subjects to have good ideas. Following could be your sources of information:
- News Papers
- News Portals
- Social media Platforms
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